IUDR specialization’s Mission and Objectives
Government, local and private sector in the construction sector in recent years faced many difficulties in securing financing and developing projects for basic infrastructure of the localities:
- road network;
- water supply systems and sanitation;
- construction and rehabilitation of residential buildings;
- rehabilitation and construction of buildings with public functions museums, auditoriums, stadiums, gymnasiums, office buildings for administration;
- educational infrastructure: schools, colleges, faculties;
- health infrastructure: clinics, hospitals;
- social infrastructure: buildings and accommodation, canteens, multipurpose centers for persons in need;
- investment for achieving viability for plots of land and supporting business development for job creation;
In turn, private investors are unable to develop new investments due to lack of basic infrastructure but also due to lack of specialized staff in developing such projects under the rules of the financiers.
Another major issue is the maintenance and operation of existing infrastructure regardless of ownership.
All these depend on the capacity of central and local public authorities but also private companies design and execution to initiate and implement construction and rehabilitation projects but especially new, sustainable projects having as financing sources public or private funds..
For the 2014-2020 period, the projects listed in: Regional Development Plans, Strategies for Sustainable County Development, the Integrated Urban or Rural Development Plans , will be financed mainly by:
1) Romanian Government www.guv.ro and the European Union http://europa.eu/index_ro.htm through:
- Ministry of European Funds www.fonduri-ue.ro
- Regional Operational Programme www.inforegio.ro
- European Territorial Cooperation Operational Programme
- Great Infrastructure Operational Programme
- Competitiveness Operational Programme
- National Rural Development Programme www.pndr.ro
2) Romanian Government and the International Financial Institutions:
- World Bank www.worldbank.org/ro/country/romania
3) Government in partnership with investment banks:
- European Investment Bank www.eib.org/
- European Bank for Reconstruction and Development www.ebrd.com
- European Council Development Bank www.coebank.org
Through these institutions achieving accountability of local government but also private firms in the field in the process of initiation, planning, selection, approval and monitoring of projects and execution works for all types of investments is desired.
The European Union has allocated for Romania in 2007-2013 non reimbursable funds worth 33.5 billion euros. However, to date, the absorption rate is 39%. It was thus proved that a better administrative capacity, but especially technical, is needed.
In the next period, 2014-2020, for Romania are allocated non reimbursable structural cohesion and for agriculture funds amounting to 39.88 billion euros.
The implementation of projects require the existence and the training of a professional body of specialists both in government and in private companies.
These specialists must have technical, structural engineers profile, civil engineering field, IUDR specialization and Urban and Regional Development master , as it was demonstrated that in Romania during 2007-2013 projects were stuck in the implementation phase due to inefficient collaboration between planning and implementation teams and poor training of those involved in project management.
It has been shown that at the administration level a team of engineers able to define and plan the needs of urban and rural infrastructure development in close liaison with technical consulting firms is needed.
In consulting, planning, design but also supervision companies, there are a few structural engineers specialists working. Of these, graduates of IUDR specialization are among the most able to solve complex problems arising in all phases of the implementation of such projects, according to technical, economic and legal conditionings.
The didactic mission of IUDR lies in the training of engineers, technical specialists trained both for government and for planning and execution companies in the field of civil engineering. They will work collaboratively with architects, planners, economists and lawyers in regional and urban development projects with public and private funding.
According to the competences acquired during their studies, IUDR graduates will also provide technical substantiating and catalyzing the processes to achieve public-private partnership in the complex process of realization of investments. After the investments they will be involved in maintenance and operating phases of these investments.
The graduates have solid theoretical and practical knowledge and research skills to provide them access to the labor market as professionals in the current competitive European environment in all stages of development of an investment, from the initiation, design, to implementation, consulting and technical assistance.
The mission of scientific research is seen as an essential component of continuing professional development of the teaching staff and as a way of strengthening the position of the specialization, the faculty and the university in the European higher education.
IUDR specialization aims to assume the academic mission expressed in the Declaration of Bergen, regarding quality assurance and integration into the European academic network.
THE MISSION of IUDR specialization is underpinned through:
- improvement of curricula and syllabi;
- ensuring and encouraging a climate of high quality and competitiveness;
- development of scientific research and planning;
- development of the creativity of students;
- supporting the participation in national and international conferences;
- development of inter-university cooperation;
- identifying the real needs and expectations of the economic environment regarding IUDR’s graduates skills and correlate them with international practices;
- development of Master’s Degree in Urban and Regional Development.
THE OBJECTIVES of the study program are:
- assuring compatibility with the national qualifications framework and the plans and programs of similar studies from EU countries and other countries of the world;
- increasing the quality of education, the level of competence and performance of graduates;
- organizing educational process on academic cycles in order to obtain specific skills and abilities;
- increasing the flexibility of education to match the changing needs of the economy;
- identifying the best methods of teaching and training students;
- promoting flexible educational opportunities, admission figures being correlated with labor market requirements;
- educational infrastructure modernizationby strengthening and rehabilitating the faculty building, including the attic extension, acquisition of new equipment for the purpose of authorizing faculty laboratories to perform tests, both for teaching purposes and at the request of economic operators and so on;
- strengthening faculty teaching staff by attracting the best graduates as well as specialists who attended PhD stages in the country and abroad;
- continuous assessment of the educational process;
- development of research-planning in university life;
- development of excellence centers;
- student participation in the development of projects, research and studies of teachers;
- fostering a climate of mutual respect in the teacher-student relationship in order to improve teaching;
- development of inter-university agreements, in order to develop student exchanges between faculties with the same profile;
- making agreements with the investment and entrepreneurial environment.